This course aims to introduce to students of final year Mechanical Engineering & Chemical Engineering disciplines, the Indian Nuclear programme, the types of nuclear reactors, principle of heat generation, heat removal & control in thermal reactors, concept of breeding, fast breeder neutronics, core configuration & heat removal in fast breeder reactors.
Duration (in hours)
Introduction to reactor system & Three stage Indian nuclear power programme.
Thermal Reactors: Basic principles of heat generation, heat sources and distribution, steps involved in heat removal from reactor systems, heat flow and temperature distribution in plate and solid cylindrical fuel elements.
General features of fast reactor core: Introduction, specific power, power density, linear heat rating, burnup, fluence. Operating condition, Requirement and choice of core materials: Fuel, absorber, coolant & structural materials.
Core engineering: Design constraints - linear rating, maximum temperature of clad, coolant velocity, outlet temperature of coolant, pressure drop in core, core height/diameter ratio, blanket thickness, shielding thickness