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Prof. K. S. Rajan

 

 

This course aims to introduce to students of final year Mechanical Engineering & Chemical Engineering disciplines, the Indian Nuclear programme, the types of nuclear reactors, principle of heat generation, heat removal & control in thermal reactors, concept of breeding, fast breeder neutronics, core configuration & heat removal in fast breeder reactors.

 

 

Sl.No.

Course content

Duration (in hours)

Module

1

Introduction to reactor system & Three stage Indian nuclear power programme.

2

Module 1

2

Classification of reactors, characteristics of research, test & power reactors with examples.

1

Module 2

3

Core configuration & cycle diagrams of thermal reactors (BWR, PWR, PHWR, AGR, HTGR, AHWR) and Fast Reactors.

4

Module 3

4

Reactors – Characterisitics, Selection criteria and comparison of different core and structural materials for reactor internals.

2

Module 4

5

Thermal Reactors: Basic principles of heat generation, heat sources and distribution, steps involved in heat removal from reactor systems, heat flow and temperature distribution in plate and solid cylindrical fuel elements.

6

Module 5

6

Primary heat transport system including steam generators, shut down cooling, emergency core cooling system, moderator system.

3

Module 6

7

Auxiliary systems: Ventilation, annulus gas, process water and fire water systems.

1

Module 7

8

Secondary systems: Description of flow sheet and major components, Comparison of operating conditions: thermal cycles and major components of thermal and nuclear units.

2

Module 8

9

Typical reactivity balance, Reactor control system – requirements of physics aspects, reactor shut down mechanisms.

2

Module 9

10

FBR neutronics: Neutron spectrum, reaction cross-section, core characteristics, blanket characteristics, breeding potential, breeding ratio, breeding gain and doubling time.

3

Module 10

11

Fast Breeder Reactors: Breeding, breeders as inexhaustible energy source.

2

Module 11

12

Characteristics and types of fast reactors, comparison of some characteristics of fast and thermal reactors, role of fast reactors in Indian nuclear power programme.

2

Module 12

13

General features of fast reactor core: Introduction, specific power, power density, linear heat rating, burnup, fluence. Operating condition, Requirement and choice of core materials: Fuel, absorber, coolant & structural materials.

3

Module 13

14

Core engineering: Design constraints - linear rating, maximum temperature of clad, coolant velocity, outlet temperature of coolant, pressure drop in core, core height/diameter ratio, blanket thickness, shielding thickness

3

Module 14

15

Heat transport system: Introduction to sodium technology – Properties, characteristics and complexities. Heat transport circuit system components.

4

Module 15

 

Total

40