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SASTRA Deemed to be University                                                                    M.Sc. (Chemistry)


               electronegativity,  hardness  and  softness,  acid-base  strength  and  hardness  and  softness,
               symbiosis.

               Solvents: Solvent concepts, amphoteric behavior, need of non-aqueous solvent, chemistry in
               liquid NH3, chemistry in liquid HF, aprotic solvents, chemistry in liquid SO2, chemistry in liquid
               BrF3. Molten salts, solvent properties, solution of metals, complex formation, un-reactivity of
               molten salts, low temperature molten salts.

               UNIT – IV                                                                       16 Hours
               NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY AND APPLICATIONS
               Nuclear models, shell model, liquid drop model, types of radioactive decay, decay constant,
               half-life period, alpha decay, theory of alpha decay, the tunnel effect, beta decay, types of beta
               decay,  electron  capture,  Dirac’s  theory,  nuclear  de-excitation,  radioactive  series,  artificial
               radioactivity.  Thermonuclear  reactions,  nuclear  fusion,  nuclear  fission,  fission  fragments,
               mass and charge distribution, fission energy.

               Applications of radioactivity: carbon dating, thyroiditis, assessing the volume of blood in a
               patient, brain tumour location and bone fracture healing.

               REFERENCES
                   1.  J. E. Huheey, E. A. Keiter, R. L. Keiter and O. K. Medhi, Inorganic chemistry: Principles
                                                                       th
                       of Structure and Reactivity, Pearson Education, 4  edition, Seventeenth impression,
                       2013.
                   2.  P. W. Atkins, T. Overton, J. Rourke, M. Weller and F. Armstrong; Shriver & Atkins:
                       Inorganic chemistry, Oxford University Press, 5  edition, (reprinted) 2013.
                                                                    th
                   3.  F.  A.  Cotton,  G.  Wilkinson,  C.  A.  Murillo  and  M.  Bochmann;  Advanced  Inorganic
                                          th
                       Chemistry, Wiley, 6  edition, 2007.
                                                                                                        rd
                   4.  N.  N.  Greenwood,  A.  Earnshaw,  Chemistry  of  the  Elements,  Pergamon  Press,  3
                       edition, 2016.
                   5.  B. Douglas, D. McDaniel, J. Alexander, Concepts and Models of Inorganic Chemistry,
                                    rd
                       John Wiley, 3  edition, 2006.
                   6.  W. L. Jolly, Modern Inorganic Chemistry, McGraw-Hill, 2  edition, 1991.
                                                                             nd
                   7.  J. D. Lee, A New Concise Inorganic Chemistry, Oxford Publications, 5  edition, 2008.
                                                                                           th
                   8.  N. B. Hannay, Solid State Chemistry, Prentice Hall, New Delhi, 1976.
                   9.  C. N. R. Rao, J. Gopalakrishnan, New Directions in Solid State Chemistry, Cambridge
                                         nd
                       University Press, 2  edition, 1997.
                                                                       nd
                   10. A. R. West, Basic Solid State Chemistry, Wiley, 2  edition,1999.
                   11. A. R. West, Solid State Chemistry and Its Applications, Wiley, 2014.
                   12. W. L. Jolly and C. J. Hallada, Non-aqueous Solvent Systems. Academic Press, 1965.
                   13. J.  J.  Lagowski  and  G.  A.  Moczygemba,  The  Chemistry  of  Non-aqueous  Solvents.
                       Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 1970.
                                                                                                        th
                   14. H. J. Arnikar, Essentials of Nuclear Chemistry, New Age International, New Delhi, 4
                       edition, 2018.








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